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What the Case Against Union Dues Is Really About: Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association

January 5, 2016
California Teachers Association

California Teachers Association

By Alan Shapiro

On January 11, the U.S. Supreme Court will hear arguments in a case that greatly concerns all union members working in the public sector, including teachers and other state and municipal workers. The case, Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association, aims to overturn a Supreme Court ruling that has stood for nearly 40 years. In the important and unanimous 1977 decision Abood v. Detroit Board of Education, the Supreme Court upheld the right of public sector unions to collect “fair share” or “agency” fees from workers who choose not to join the union, because those workers benefit significantly from union representation.

The current lawsuit is viewed by many as an attack on unions, which it clearly is. As Jean Ross, co-president of the union National Nurses United, wrote:

“The intended effect is to essentially bankrupt public sector unions….The architects of this move are the management-linked groups, funded by some of the wealthiest corporate interests in the U.S., whose goal is to eliminate the ability of workers to have a voice in the workplace or limit the ability of corporations to put profits ahead of worker rights, workplace rights.”

Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association (CTA) was filed in behalf of just ten teachers in California by the Center for Individual Rights (CIR), a right-wing law firm. Rebecca Friedrichs, the lead plaintiff in the case, said in the court declaration: “I object to many of the union’s public-policy positions, including positions that they have taken…in collective-bargaining.” And Terry Pell, president of the CIR, said that the case “is about the right of individuals to decide for themselves whether to join and pay dues….We are seeking the end of compulsory union dues….”

These arguments are simply untrue and misleading. First of all, these teachers already have the right not to join the union or pay union dues. However, in keeping with the Abood decision, those who don’t join are still required to pay “fair-share” fees for the benefits they receive through the union. It should be noted that under current law teachers who opt out of union membership are not required to fund any political activity. It’s important also to acknowledge that one of the “positions” unions have taken in collective bargaining is that every worker deserves fair compensation. A person’s not liking certain “positions” taken by the U.S. government does not annul that person’s obligation to pay their fair share of income taxes.

         What Motivates This Case?

 As a proud member of the United Federation of Teachers (UFT) for nearly thirty years, I want teachers and other union members everywhere to know what Aesthetic Realism, founded by Eli Siegel, explains about our profit-driven economy and unions. It is knowledge that can have all my union brothers and sisters clearer and more equipped to combat the vicious battering union members have been forced to endure. Like other attacks on public sector unions in recent years, this case is part of a huge ethical battle going on in economics. Aesthetic Realism explains that it is like the battle that goes on in every person between contempt—the feeling we will be more by making less of something else, and respect—our desire to be just to the world, including other people.

       The Ethics Unions Represent    

At their basis, unions stand for respect and justice: men and women joining together so that they all can get what they deserve in return for their labor. This purpose is ethical and kind. And it’s completely opposed to the purpose of our profit-driven economy, which is based on contempt: seeing people as existing to make some few individuals wealthy while paying those who do the work as little as possible.

I’m grateful to my union because the UFT—like the CTA—fought hard and steadily for salary increases, pensions, health care, safe working conditions, paid sick leave, and fair grievance procedures. And the union protects these hard-won rights and benefits for all employees covered by the binding contracts they negotiate—union members and non-members alike. The teachers represented in this lawsuit are ungrateful, because they enjoy the benefits that the union fought for and won, and their desire not to pay their fair share should not become the law of the land.

Our Economy Today

Beginning in 1970, Eli Siegel showed that profit economics could no longer work efficiently. In a series of historic lectures titled Goodbye Profit System, he gave abundant evidence for this failure—centrally the success of unions. Every pay raise, benefit, and safety regulation won by unions cuts into profits.

That is why for decades there has been a massive attempt by corporate America and a number of politicians to destroy unions—which is clearly the purpose of this lawsuit. After successfully weakening private sector unions, including through the passage of “right-to-work laws,” they are now going after public sector unions, trying to convince people (including union members themselves) that unions are the cause of America’s huge fiscal turmoil.

The situation we have today is commented on centrally by Ellen Reiss, Aesthetic Realism Chairman of Education. In the periodical The Right of Aesthetic Realism to Be Known, she writes:

“What the American people need to be told clearly is who, or what, is really to blame for America’s economic suffering, job losses, government deficits. They’re being told unions are to blame, because unions have been able to negotiate for their members some of what all people deserve, including pensions and health care. If unions thrive, all Americans can have these, and more. Unions stand for all of us. The cause of our economic trouble is 1) the persons who are using, and want to continue using, America and her workforce for their own private profits; and 2) governments’ funding those persons and their businesses, with the people’s money—through tax breaks, subsidies, and outsourcing public work to private companies.”

The practical alternative—and the only thing that will now work—is an economy based on ethics, on honestly answering this essential question, first asked by Eli Siegel: “What does a person deserve by being alive?” This can be the beginning of having an economy that is fair at last to every man, woman, and child in these United States.

 

Alan Shapiro is a jazz pianist who performs with the Aesthetic Realism Theatre Company. For 28 years he was a music teacher and choral director in the New York City public schools. He is a proud member of the United Federation of Teachers and the American Federation of Musicians (Local 802).

The Power of Unions & the Fight for Fairness!

December 17, 2015

By Friends of Labor

By the early 1970s labor unions were seen with great respect by the American people. They had prestige and power and had succeeded in changing the course of American labor by securing for their members and families decent wages and many benefits, including health insurance and pensions! Every union victory was a victory for ethics, for fairness to people, and against the contempt and ill will at the basis of a profit-driven economy that uses the labor of millions of men and women to enrich corporations and their shareholders.

In the 1970s, Eli Siegel, the noted American critic and founder of Aesthetic Realism, explained that unions were so successful in getting good contracts for their members that the ability of corporations to rake in increasing profits was curtailed. The logic is: the more money that goes to workers in the form of salary increases, benefits, and safety measures, the less there is for owners and shareholders. That is why in recent years businesses and right-wing officials in state governments have intensified their efforts to weaken and disable unions, to have them not exist. Today, American corporations are cutting corners with fierce determination. They are outsourcing jobs, forcing people to work longer hours without compensation, or reducing employee hours so they won’t have to provide crucial benefits like health insurance.

The ability of a union to strike is a right that was guaranteed by Section 7 of the National Labor Relations Act of 1935. Many of labor’s victories were good not only for union members but for the American people as such, providing goods and services the public needed. The 40‑hour workweek, paid vacations and sick leave were won by unionized workers striking for fairness. No union wants to strike; however, it is a power that every union holds dear and will employ when necessary. This idea is in an important letter by Matthew D’Amico, recently published in Wisconsin’s Sheboygan Press, telling about the strike by members of the United Auto Workers against the Kohler Company, a manufacturer of plumbing equipment.

“Keeping up the good work of union members”

As a resident of New York, I have been following closely the strike by workers at the Kohler plant in Sheboygan.

I respect and am proud of the union men and women standing in the rain and cold who are fighting not just for themselves, but for new and future employees.

We have reached a point where more and more Americans who are fortunate enough to have a job are struggling to make ends meet. And today, the only way large corporations can make the large profits they desire for themselves and shareholders — who don’t do the work — is by paying workers as little as possible. The one force against this has been unions, and it is why there has been a horrible desire by those in power to have unions not exist at all in America.

In the periodical “The Right of Aesthetic Realism to Be Known,” Chairman of Education Ellen Reiss writes about the important meaning of unions:

“The objection at the very basis of unions is: a human being deserves to be seen and treated with respect, deserves to live with dignity, deserves to get what has been called the fruits of one’s labor—a person should not have those fruits robbed from him or her by a boss or corporation; a person’s ability to work, a person’s wages and safety, should not depend on the wishes of someone who wants to make money from that person’s body, mind, and life.”

This is what the Kohler workers are fighting for and I am proud to stand with them in their fight.

Matthew D’Amico

New York, New York

And to celebrate the true power of unions, here is a link to a wonderfully engaging and important union song presented by performers in the renowned Aesthetic Realism Theatre Company.

America Needs Good Jobs Now!

November 2, 2015
theguardian.com

theguardian.com

By Richita Anderson

In my job as a Labor Services Representative for the New York State Department of Labor for over 30 years, I witnessed the unending loss of decent paying jobs. I saw too what this loss does to people—their struggles to support a family, get medical care, their inability to afford a college education for their children. Many people today are stuck in a minimum wage job with no future and very little hope.

The poor job market manifests itself in a controversial and cruel situation. Numerous sectors of the economy, including large retail stores like Target and Urban Outfitters and many fast food chains, subject their employees to grueling on-call schedules. With these a worker doesn’t know how many days and hours he or she will be called to work in a given week, or whether they will work at all. This makes being able to pay one’s bills and arrange child care all but impossible. In a market where jobs are plentiful, employers would never be able to get away with such exploitative behavior.

Why Aren’t There More Good Jobs?

In an article in the New York Times this past July 2, 2015, there was this telling headline: “The New Jobs Numbers Are Weaker than They Look.” Author Neil Irwin writes:

With revisions that wacked 60,000 jobs off the April and May numbers, there is a modest downward trend evident in job growth in the last few months.

This revising of job growth numbers downward has continued, and as the article also notes wages are not going up. This crippling stagnation of wages comes from an enormous loss of jobs over these last few decades.

As a job interviewer, I saw firsthand the agonizing loss of thousands of manufacturing jobs in every borough of New York City. There was, for instance, the A&P food packing plant staffed by United Food and Commercial Workers union members. The company left Brooklyn for upstate New York, where they got large tax breaks from Albany and paid wages considerably lower than in Brooklyn. Then, a few years later when the incentives expired, the company pulled out and relocated to a new area where persons were desperate for jobs. They received another round of government tax breaks which we, the taxpayers, paid for. As was described in an earlier post on this blog, A&P has declared bankruptcy. Today they are selling off their stores at auction, and the likelihood for its unionized workforce to get good paying jobs elsewhere is painfully uncertain.

The Cause of Unemployment & Economic Injustice

I’ve learned from the education Aesthetic Realism a clear explanation of this ongoing and massive loss of jobs and the resulting poverty wages now so current across the U.S. In an issue of the international periodical The Right of Aesthetic Realism to Be Known, Ellen Reiss, Aesthetic Realism Chairman of Education, writes: (TRO 1826)

We should be very clear. The cause of unemployment is the profit system: the fact that you’re able to work only if some individual can make profit from your labor….I have written often about what Eli Siegel, in the 1970’s, was the philosopher, educator, historian, and economist to show: economics based on seeing people contemptuously, in terms of how much money you can get out of them, no longer works….Today, in order for profit economics to continue at all, people have to be made poorer and poorer….

The increasing poverty in America is caused by the desire of certain persons to keep the profit way going when it is a mortally ailing thing. The situation can be described quantitatively. The wealth generated when something is produced is of a certain amount. Today, in order for owners and stockholders to get a lot of that amount, they must make sure less and less goes to the workers. That is why various persons are on such a ferocious, lying campaign to destroy unions: because unions fight for what workers deserve.

A Vivid Instance in Sparta, Tennessee

A shameful instance of making people poorer and poorer while corporate executives and shareholders rake in profits is told of in an article titled Losing Sparta: The Bitter Truth Behind the Gospel of Productivity by Esther Kaplan, published in the Virginia Quarterly Review in 2014. Ms. Kaplan writes about a profitable factory in Sparta, Tennessee, which made lighting fixtures, produced by International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers members, who were skilled and turned out quality products as they earned wages that enabled them to support families and live with some decency. The factory, however, was bought by Philips, a multinational corporation which began laying workers off and outsourced the jobs to Mexico. There, workers doing the same jobs are paid as little as $9 a day, an obscenely pitiful amount clearly insufficient for anyone to support a family—or themselves, for that matter. The jobs lost as a result of the brutal layoffs in the Philips plant have not been recovered and those workers in White County, Tennessee, are still unemployed, or working part-time in whatever work there is to be found—which is mostly close to or at minimum wage.

What happened in Sparta, including the ultimate destruction of the union there, made me—a proud union member with PEF (Professional Employees Federation) for 25 years—more determined than ever to fight for justice to the working people of our great nation. The people of Tennessee and every state of the union deserve to have productive, useful, and happy lives. I passionately believe the study of what Aesthetic Realism shows about the economy and unions is the path to that happening!

The Viable & Urgently Needed Solution to Joblessness

What is the alternative to our profit driven economy which has ruined countless lives? Mr. Siegel put the matter succinctly and resoundingly. He said: “Jobs for usefulness, not profit.” And in issue 1348  of The Right Of, Unions and Beauty, Ellen Reiss writes:

The question Americans now have to answer is one I have asked here before: What should be sacrificed—decent jobs for millions of Americans; or profits of individuals who didn’t earn them, so that millions of people can have decent, dignified lives? There can no longer be both. Another question is: If no one were making personal profit from the work of others, and everyone were making a good living and feeling expressed—would that be good? Would that be beautiful? ethical? truly American? The answer is yes!

 

Richita Anderson grew up in Horseheads, NY. She graduated from SUNY Cortland with a degree in history and served as past president of the New York City subchapter of District 1 of the International Association of Workforce Professionals. Today she is the Aesthetic Realism Class Registrar and a consultations coordinator at the Aesthetic Realism Foundation in New York City’s SoHo.

A&P Supermarket Workers, the UFCW, & the Fight for Justice!

September 2, 2015

By Matthew D’Amico

In July, the supermarket chain A&P filed for bankruptcy—for the second time in the last five years. It operates more than 300 grocery stores, including Pathmark in the Northeast, employing in total about 30,000 men and women. According to an article on NJ.com, some 4,500 workers at A&P stores throughout NJ are being notified that they will be out of a job on Thanksgiving Day. Negotiations are underway with various chains including Key Food, which wants to buy A&P stores at bargain basement prices. As we can see from the following, posted on the blog of Local 1500 of the United Food and Commercial Workers (UFCW), there is a ferocious battle being waged between the union fighting for their members who work at A&P stores and Key Food, which wants to buy the stores by capitalizing on the A&P bankruptcy. The blog states:

“Key Food’s proposals are greedy, shortsighted and offensive to all of the hardworking men and women we represent. The company has been insistent in proposing that the new owner has the right to reduce the pay of all employees, the right to reduce your hours and the right to reduce your health coverage at their own discretion.

“Together, our unions have made it clear to Key Food that we will not accept any concessionary proposals that would result in diminishing the lifestyles of our members.

“We are not obligated in any way to accept their greedy terms….It is [our] position that if Key Food was allowed to reduce pay by $5 per hour, reduce hours from 40 to 35 hours per week, and reduce health coverage from family plans to single [person coverage] that the damage would be catastrophic. The proposed pay and hour cuts would equate to well over $250 per week in lost wages and the difference between a single and family medical plan could be as much as $600 to $700 per month. If that’s not enough, the company also has the arrogance to demand our members begin making a weekly contribution into this new inferior healthcare plan. These terms are simply unacceptable.

I respect the passion in this writing. It’s shameful that men and women who have given many years of their working lives to A&P are forced to be in this situation at all. The last time A&P went bankrupt, in 2010, its employees gave up $625 million in concessions to help the company stay afloat. A&P is on the rocks again today largely due to strong competition by Walmart and by its own mismanagement—and, of course, the company is blaming its failure on the union contracts. This is a scenario which has played out many times throughout our country. A company such as A&P declares bankruptcy and looks for a buyer–in this instance, Key Food. To make the sale attractive and protect its assets, a bankrupt company will usually gut worker pay and benefits while making sure executives get their golden parachutes and shareholders, a return on their investment. For instance, last year a bankruptcy judge granted a request by Trump Entertainment Resorts to terminate its contract with Local 54 of the UNITE HERE union. The company and their investors said the casino couldn’t survive without shedding costly pension and health care obligations. This is a fake reason for robbing workers of their pensions and health benefits. The idea that an “investor” takes precedence over an employee—has no basis in fact. Workers earned the profits. Why should investors who did no work have a claim to the profits now? They don’t!

In an important issue of the journal The Right of Aesthetic Realism to Be Known, Ellen Reiss, Aesthetic Realism Chairman of Education, wrote about a situation that emerged during the recession of 2008—the restructuring of the auto industry. And it’s very pertinent to what is now occurring with A&P:

There’s only one reason for suggesting that union contracts are hurting the auto industry. That reason is the assumption that we must protect the thing that’s the real blight on American economics: private profits for people who didn’t do the work….To blame union contracts for any of the auto industry’s financial trouble is disingenuous and an insult to the American people. The true feeling of Americans is: All of us should be making at least what our brothers and sisters in the UAW are. Nothing should be taken away from them—the nation should make sure good salaries and healthcare and pensions are had by everyone! What we want is something fundamentally American. What we want is a profit-for-those-who-do-the-work system. What we want is a profit-for-all-Americans system.’”

As a political coordinator for a public sector union (CSEA, AFSCME, AFL-CIO), I have seen the same rhetoric attacking unionized public employees that is used against those in the private sector. We are attacked for having “generous” pensions and benefits. Our work can’t be shipped overseas but it can be outsourced and given over to companies that pay workers low wages with no benefits. I’ve learned that the only way profit economics can survive is by impoverishing the American people, having people be poorer. This is why, Ellen Reiss has explained, that There has been a furious effort to safeguard profit economics by wiping out the long-fought-for achievements of unions, and if possible unions themselves.

As we are about to celebrate Labor Day and honor the sacrifices of those who fought and even died for working people to be treated with the fairness they deserve, it is imperative for the American people and unions to be clearer than ever about the justice unions fought for and stand for. This clearness includes an economy that is fair to people—where the profits go to the people who do the work—not to exorbitantly paid executives and shareholders who profit from the labor of others.

Eli Siegel, the founder of Aesthetic Realism, asked a vital question which I’ve spoken about to the members of my union—to good effect: “What does a person deserve by being a person?” We should think of this question the next time we see someone working at a grocery store. What does the woman working at the deli counter deserve? What does the man stocking the shelves with cans of food deserve? What does the lady at the cash register scanning our purchases deserve? When these questions are answered honestly by Americans from coast to coast, we will be closer to having an economy that is both kind and efficient.

I also want my brothers and sisters to know about a great event: the repeat performance of “Ethics is a Force 2015!—Songs About Labor,which will be presented by the Aesthetic Realism Theatre Company on Sunday, September 13th at 2:30 PM at the Aesthetic Realism Foundation in NYC (SoHo). There is this from the announcement: “This show of songs and comment explains truly and thrillingly what’s really happening in the American economy today, and in the feelings of men and women!” I was at the first presentation, and I tell you, it was electrifying. It can strengthen the life of every union member, and I hope you will be there!

“Solidarity Means Something”

July 2, 2015

By Steven Weiner

As a union member who cares for the rights of working people, both here in the USA and abroad, I deplore the fact that the so-called “fast-track” bill was signed into law paving the way for approval of a new trade agreement, the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).  I was proud to join the many thousands of union members all across the nation who fought hard to defeat this anti-worker, anti-democratic legislation. Despite an initial victory, corporations that will profit massively from TPP spent millions to insure that the votes were there for the “fast-track” bill’s final passage.

TPP is an agreement that has been negotiated in secrecy; few of its details have been released to unions and to others who made repeated requests to review the documents. A statement by the AFL-CIO explains succinctly why there was such concealment:

“TPP…is about increasing opportunities for U.S. companies to invest offshore and then export back to the United States with favorable tariff rates. This model enriches global companies, but does little for the workers in the U.S. who were laid off or foreign workers who toil in sweatshop conditions, denied fundamental rights.”

Teamster General President James Hoffa said that TPP, like an earlier trade agreement NAFTA, “will only ship jobs overseas and lower wages in the U.S. Yet again, workers have been tossed aside by some lawmakers who are more interested in pleasing their corporate cronies than doing what’s best for their constituents.”

Meanwhile, in the struggle to defeat TPP something happened in the labor movement that I believe is new and has big meaning for the future of organized labor in America. There was a huge coming together of many unions and thousands of workers to defeat this terrible bill. Said Mark MacKenzie, NH AFL-CIO President: “This fight demonstrated that when we unite in a common purpose anything is possible.” I’ve learned from Aesthetic Realism, founded by educator and critic Eli Siegel, that the one purpose that strengthens us is impelled by ethics, by the conviction that: “Justice to all people is the same as justice to oneself. ”

An example of this “common purpose” is in the fact that private sector unions whose members are likely to be badly impacted—including by huge job losses—were joined by public sector unions, whose members’ jobs would not be at stake.   In a New York Times article (6/13/15) entitled “Labor’s Might Seen in Failure of Trade Deal as Unions Allied to Thwart It,” Noam Scheiber writes:

“While a broad coalition of unions and liberal activists can claim credit for beating back the…legislation, the key to labor’s display of force in Congress, according to supporters and opponents of the trade deal, was the movement’s unusual cohesion across various sectors of the economy—including public employees and service workers not directly affected by foreign competition.”

As the article points out, unions not seemingly directly affected by TPP, saw its defeat as their fight. John Murphy, senior VP for the U.S. Chamber of Commerce was quoted as saying “None of these workers are in any way negatively affected by competition with imports. Yet [they] will be there, showing solidarity.”

I am very encouraged that individual unions are seeing clearly that when one union is under attack and weakened, it’s easier to attack and weaken the next. I believe there’s a reinvigorated belief in the motto of the IWW: “An injury to one is an injury to all,” and it’s a cause for celebration!

Why There Are Increasing Attacks on Unions

In an important issue of the periodical The Right of Aesthetic Realism to Be Known, Ellen Reiss, Aesthetic Realism Chairman of Education, describes what has gone on as to unions in these last years, resulting in incalculable harm to millions of Americans. She writes:

In 1970 Eli Siegel explained that the profit system had reached the point at which it was no longer able to succeed. Though it might struggle on for a while, it would do so with increasing pain to humanity. And that is what has occurred. As production has been taking place in more and more nations, it has become harder and harder for US companies to haul in big profits for stockholders. They can do so now only by making the people who actually do the work become poorer and poorer—be paid less and less. That means crushing unions, because it is unions that have enabled working people to earn a dignified wage and be treated with respect.

… As big a fight as any going on in the world—indeed, as big a fight as any in the history of humanity—is the fight now taking place between the profit system and unions….The fight is really a sheer one: For the profit system to continue, unions must be defeated.”

At this pivotal time in America’s history, unions need to see clearly what they stand for and are fighting against so that the justice they represent as a united force will prevail! The means to this will be powerfully and delightfully shown on Sunday, July 12th in an upcoming production by the esteemed Aesthetic Realism Theatre Company Ethics Is a Force–2015! Songs about Labor.”

 

Steven Weiner is a Ret. Executive Board member and Shop Steward of Local 2627, DC-37, AFSCME.

International Unions Denounce Austerity Programs in Greece!

June 8, 2015
Greecesolidarity.org

Greecesolidarity.org

 

By Meryl Simon

As a person who loves Greece—its literature and magnificent works of art—and has studied its language and rich history, I’ve been tremendously affected by the intense suffering of its people as a result of actions by the Troika (the European Commission, the Central Bank, and the International Monetary Fund). In 2005, the Troika lent the newly elected conservative government desperately needed money on the condition that it carry out a harsh austerity program in order to pay back its lenders. Consequently, thousands of well-paying government jobs disappeared and the remaining workers were stripped of benefits fought for and gained by their public sector unions. Great numbers of jobs in the private sector have also been lost. The Greek government was forced to privatize what formerly belonged to all Greeks, including the Port of Piraeus and the oil and gas utilities.

The agony that followed is described by the International Union of Food and Allied Workers’ Association (IUF) which represents 12 million workers in 125 countries:

“At the Troika’s insistence, the minimum wage was reduced by 22%, and 32% for workers under 25.  Collective bargaining has been shredded, in blatant violation of international and European Union law.  Public services have been gutted and there are shortages even of basic medicines.  Economic output has declined by 25% compared with pre-crisis levels, a level of destruction normally associated with war. A quarter of the work force is jobless, with unemployment over 50% for young people.  Malnutrition and infant mortality are on the rise….Austerity is…a conscious blueprint for expanding corporate power.”

As a retired teacher and member of the United Federation of Teachers, I’m profoundly grateful for the fact that unionized workers are able to live with decency, including in retirement. And I respect the IUF’s compassionate and exact description of the enormous pain and humiliation imposed on the people of Greece. I am glad that country got new hope from the recent election of the SYRIZA party, which has as its motto one word:“dignity.” In his first speech before the new parliament, the elected prime minister, Alexis Tsipras, leader of SYRIZA, promised “emergency measures to deal with the humanitarian disaster, [including] reinstatement of labour legislation, disbandment of unjust land taxes, fiscal reform to make the rich pay,…a rehiring of the sacked public sector workers, and a stop to the auctioning off of public assets…such as Greece’s ports and energy.” The new government has also begun to make a justifiable case for the revocation of the crippling debt to the Troika. International negotiations for this purpose are continuing.

The leadership of international trade unions, including in Germany, are supportive of the new government. I was very stirred to learn of a powerful statement linked to  Labour Start, signed by seven of the nine presidents of the major German trade unions:

“We highlight once again the criticism already voiced on many occasions in the past by the trade unions: right from the outset, the key conditions under which Greece receives financial assistance did not deserve the label ‘reform’. The billions of euros that have flowed into Greece have been used primarily to stabilise the financial sector. At the same time, the country has been driven into deep recession by brutal cutbacks in government spending that have made Greece the most heavily indebted country in the entire EU.

“The rejection at the ballot box of those responsible for the previous policy in Greece is a democratic decision that must be respected….Anyone who now demands that the country simply continue along the previous, so-called ‘path to reform’ is in fact denying the Greek people the right to a democratically legitimised change of policy in their country.”

While conditions are different in the United States, there are some similarities. The destruction of Greek unions, massive job losses, and brutal impoverishment of its people has, to a lesser degree, happened here in America–and if some persons were to have their way, it would be entire. There are relentless efforts by corporate America, aided by some municipalities and states to weaken and ultimately destroy unions. This is being gone after by people who have a huge stake in ensuring that profits earned by American workers go not to the men and women who do the work, but instead to companies and their investors—who do not do the work.

The reason for this is explained by Eli Siegel, founder of the education Aesthetic Realism. Beginning in 1970, he showed with wide-ranging evidence that our economy—the profit system–had failed, and would never recover. He stated there would be efforts to keep this crippled economic system going by paying the American worker as little as possible—what, in effect, has been done in Greece: impoverishing people, making them desperate for jobs and willing to accept a pittance as pay. And for this to happen, labor unions have to be made powerless, even done away with. As Ellen Reiss, Aesthetic Realism Chairman of Education, has been showing in issues of the journal The Right of Aesthetic Realism to Be Known, this is continuing with ferocious determination. In a recent issue entitled “Shame, Pride, & Economics,” she writes with passion about one form the impoverishment of people has taken in Greece and Spain:

“Today, the word austerity is being used as a euphemism for making people homeless, impoverishing them, forcing children to be hungry and malnourished, making infants die of disease. That is: the word is being used to cover a desperate and vile attempt to keep the profit system going. This is one of the foulest instances of euphemism in any language.

“Austerity, as we find it in the press and statements of economists and government officials (particularly European), is the cutting down on government expenditures, as a means of lessening government debt. And the expenditures to be slashed are for such things as school lunches, assistance to the unemployed, medical aid, pensions. Many of these expenditures are part of what has been called ‘the safety net.’ Now, ‘the safety net’ in itself is an admission that the profit system is a failure: that profit economics cannot provide the people of a nation with that which they need to live. So in an attempt to make up for some of the suffering inflicted by the profit system, various governments provided ways of having people get a bit of the money, food, housing they need….

“Aesthetic Realism explains that the source of all injustice is Contempt, the desire in every person to get an ‘addition to self through the lessening of something else.’ The use of human beings for someone’s private profit is a form of contempt. Eli Siegel was passionate about this matter, and his passion was at one with logic. ‘Man,’ he said, ‘was not made to be used by man for money.’

“And it is contempt that has a person cloak a hideous thing with pretty nomenclature. Once, child labor was described by some as a means of teaching young people responsibility. The present use of the word austerity is in the same tradition. No matter how smoothly government leaders and economists engage in that use, it is an insult to and a mockery of humanity.”

As someone who cares deeply about justice coming to all people, I believe humanity will be seen with the full respect it deserves only when this question, first asked by Eli Siegel, is answered honestly by people everywhere: “What does a person deserve by being a person?”

Meryl Simon is an Aesthetic Realism consultant and anthropologist.

 

 

“The Fight for $15—& a Union!”

May 7, 2015
Photo by Fast Food Forward

Photo by Fast Food Forward

 

By Barbara Kestenbaum

On April 15, as I looked along 59th Street in Midtown Manhattan, there was electricity in the air. I saw thousands of union and non-union workers marching together in solidarity toward Columbus Circle, holding signs that read “Fight for $15 and a Union.” The demonstration was backed by many unions, including SEIU and the UFCW. These unions were there from the historic beginning of the Fast Food Forward movement in 2012, standing with men and women who had walked off their jobs for one day at McDonald’s, Taco Bell, Burger King, and other stores. I participated in this first demonstration and did so again on April 15. As I saw proud determination on the faces of the marchers, it reminded me of the line from James Sloan Gibbons’ Civil War poem about the enthusiastic response to Abraham Lincoln’s call for Union volunteers: “We are coming, Father Abraham, three hundred thousand more.”

As a DC37 union member (Ret.), it filled me with pride to march with my union brothers and sisters, members of the IBT, UAW, USW, CWA, CSEA and more. All were protesting the unlivable wages so many non-unionized workers are paid as they toil at backbreaking jobs in restaurants, car washes, laundries, and as home care attendants. The marchers also included adjunct professors at universities who also work long hours for shamefully low pay. People young and older were marching because they feel intensely that in this rich nation of ours, all working people should be able to afford good homes, nutritious food, adequate health care, and not be forced to work two or more jobs just to squeeze by.   I very much agree with Mary Kay Henry, president of SEIU who said about the demonstration:

“Workers proved that by joining together, they can improve their lives.” She emphasized that McDonald’s deciding to raise wages at the stores it owns “is not nearly enough….The overwhelming majority of McDonald’s workers [those at franchisee-owned stores] will still be paid wages so low that they can’t afford basics like rent and groceries.” She stated that SEIU remained “more committed than ever…” to securing for “all workers…the right to join together in a union to improve the lives of all working families.”

All Americans need to know what Eli Siegel, founder of the education Aesthetic Realism, explained about America’s profit economy in a series of landmark lectures beginning in 1970. I was fortunate to hear many of these talks, in which he provided solid evidence from history, economics, literature, and current events, showing that contempt—“the addition to self through the lessening of something else”—is at the basis of America’s economy, the profit system. Contempt includes the seeing of one’s fellow human beings in terms of how much profit can be made from their labor, while paying them as little as possible. Further, he showed that ethics, working throughout history, had culminated in the failure of profit economics. A current sign of this, among others, is that in February, 2015 McDonald’s sales fell “by a startling 4 percent in the United States and by 1.7 percent globally” (New York Times 3/9/15). And, according to a later article (NYT 5/05/15), the “sales slump”’ continues.

In recent years, as a result of our failed economy, there have been waves of fierce union-busting efforts by corporate America and some state governments, including taking away a union’s ability to sustain itself and its membership through dues.   Every dollar paid to a union worker in wages diminishes an employer’s ability to line his own pockets. In fact, I’ve learned that the one way profit economics can continue at all is by making working people poorer.   That is what’s behind the attacks on unions, and it explains the constant suffering by millions of families, including the shameful fact that one out of five children in America is not getting sufficient food.

“The Fight for $15 and a Union” movement has given a voice to millions of low-paid workers. In over 200 cities—New York, Chicago, Detroit, Milwaukee, Los Angeles, and more—they are being heard loud and clear as they say “Hell No” to poverty wages. On April 15, there were mass demonstrations and sit-ins. Many fast food restaurants were unable to serve their customers and had to shut their doors. All this sent a powerful message to corporations such as McDonald’s and Walmart that workers will fight to end the abuses they are suffering at the hands of corporate America.

The people of America, including union officials, have a right to know what Ellen Reiss, Aesthetic Realism Chairman of Education, has been describing for many years about the failure of profit economics and the importance of unions.   In a recent issue of the international periodical The Right of Aesthetic Realism to Be Known, she writes with clarity and feeling about the huge meaning of the Fast Food Workers movement and how it’s been reported on by the major media. She presents four key points, three of which are quoted here:

“1) There has been an effort to indicate that the Fight for $15 movement is admirable—but to have it seen as apart from unions. In fact, the central slogan of the demonstrators is: “$15 an Hour and a Union.” But in so many media accounts, the second phrase is just left out.

“Unions—in particular the Service Employees International Union and United Food and Commercial Workers—have done much to have this movement exist; they, chiefly, have organized and funded it. Yet a lot of the media coverage gives the impression that low-wage workers somehow just got together in some vague grassroots way. And the reason is: if the reporting let Americans see how much unions are working to bring justice to these employees, and how much the employees know they need a union, Americans would love and value unions and want them–even more than many, many Americans now do.

“2) Then there are the persons, sometimes quoted in the media, who are blatantly against this new ‘Social-Justice Movement’: the persons who present a wage increase for fast-food workers as ruinous to business and therefore to America. They say: The demonstrations are taking place only because Big Bad unions are trying to get money into their coffers! The fast-food workers would be satisfied with their situation if unions didn’t stir them up (as slaves would have been satisfied in the 1850s, were it not for those awful abolitionists).

 “4) Then, there are the media reports which admit that unions have been useful in the ‘Fight for $15’ movement—but which say that the unions are engaging in a new method: that unions have been dying off and had to come to something new to keep alive. This angle is ridiculous. Unions are doing what they have always done, what they created themselves to do: fighting for economic justice to workers; showing workers that in joining together, each person can take care of oneself by taking care that others get what they deserve. Unions have used different techniques over the years. But what they are doing in the ‘Fight for $15’ movement is utterly in keeping with their history: for instance, fighting for justice for garment workers in New York City; textile workers in Lawrence, Massachusetts; auto workers in Detroit, Michigan; coal miners in West Virginia; teachers in American classrooms; truck drivers on the many and long American roads. American unions are as American as our Declaration of Independence, and they stand for the same justice. ”

Ms. Reiss concludes: “Beginning as early as age 18, Eli Siegel wrote with passion and logic about the fact that economics should be based on the answer to this question: “What does a person deserve by being alive?” This is the question that must be answered if working men and women—and their families—are to get the economic and social justice that is rightfully theirs.”

 

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